Islamic AIDS prevention scheme AIDS prevention: An Islamic approach

The danger of transplanting culturally mismatched AIDS prevention programs:

Prof. Malk Badri

One feels really dishearted to see Arab and Muslim health practitioners unenlighteningly subscribing to the Western model of AIDS prevention bye dressily repeating the 'gospel' of advising their Muslim nationals to use condoms, avoid sex with 'high risk groups', avoid using contaminated needles and syringes, and be faithful to one 'partner' one Arab television station aired a program in which an old doctor spoke about the dangers of AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases. He uncritically parroted the prevention methods o the Western Danish model and showed the viewers a condom which he later inflated like a long balloon. The program drew savage a acks and sarcasm. It obviously did not serve its purpose because it s out of cultural tune! For prevention to attain any real success, it must develop from Islami roots. There are a number of cogent reasons for this claim. I will settle my arguments in the following discussions: a. The Islamic conception of faith in Cod: The cornerstone of Islamic AIDS prevention: b. The spiritual benefit of prayer: c. Fasting boosts the will to change: d. Promotion of AIDS prevention through hajj and 'umrah: e. The Muslim youth: The spearhead of Islamic revivalism: 1. The Islamic conception of retribution: 3. Islam as a way of life guards against AIDS a. Islam's balanced attitude to sex shields society from retaliatory sexual revolutions: b. Islam strictly prohibits homosexuality; adultery; anal intercourse and vaginal sex during menstruation: c. Islam strictly prohibits the intake of alcohol and drugs d. The Islamic tradition of male circumcision: A helpful practice against AIDS and other STDs: e. The benefits of ghusl al-janaba : A third, beneficial Islamic teaching related to washing and cleanli- ness is the Qur'anic injunction of ghusl al-janaba, or the thorou&h washing of the genitals and the whole body after sexual intercourse. This is a compulsory command without which a Muslim cannbt pray, read the Holy Qur'an, or even stay in the Mosque. In the famoushadith authenticated by Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim and al-Tirmidhi, the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was quoted to have Commanded that the Muslim couple should perform the washing of ghusl not only after actual sexual intercourse but even if their unclothed genitals touch in an act of copulation. Many Muslim couples take Ihis compulsory shower and brisk genital-washing immediately after copulation, and before retiring. It makes them feel spiritually cleaner. Thus, the young sexually active practising Muslim, who usually , copulates about 3 to 5 times per week, cannot go without this obl!galory washing. It is of interest to note that in general, even non-practising promiscuous Muslims who do not say their prayers still regularly perform this ghusl practice, even after fornication! They feel 'dirty' and susceptible to evil if they do not wash. If one feels too lazy to perform ghusl one is advised by a Prophetic teaching quoted by the Prophet's wife 'A'ishah,and authenticated by al-Bukhari, to wash one's genitals thoroughly even if sexual intercourse is to be resumed. As is known, the HIV is aivery weak virus, and such meticulous washing is sure to be of help. Modern researchers in the field of sexually transmitted diseases (e.g., M. Hart, 1971) have attested to the value of washing the genitals after inter- course as a simple practice that protects against sexually transmitted diseases. A final point that I wish to document in this sectioh is that of ; izalat al-atha, or literally, the removal of harmful substances from the body or on it. It has been advised by some leading Muslim jurists that couples should urinate after sexual intercourse and before taking their janaba shower. Evacuating the bladder is not only a removal of a harmful substance but an essential practice before ghusl and ablution, since urination nullifies ablution and a Muslim needs to perform ablution again if he wishes to pray, read the Holy Qur'an or go to bed in a spiritually clean condition. This teaching is also verified by modern research Qn sexually transmitted diseases. It was found to be particularly helpflJl to men. Urine is acidic and as such, urination after coitus was disfovered to be helpful in killing or washing away infectious microbes. Modern researchers advise men not only to urinate after coitus, but even to wash the glans of the penis with urine! (S. Rathus, 1983). These are some of the important Islamic conception~ and practices which I believe can be of help in designing an Islan1lically oriented form of AIDS prevention. Some scholars may think of other items, or reformat what I have expounded in ways more pertinent to different Islamic countries. However, whatever the form, any Islamic AIDS prevention scheme may stimulate resistance because of the implicit clash between background, cultural and religions aspects. Other obstacles may arise as a result of internal problems in various Muslim countries.



إصدارة جديدة

 ختان الإناث الشرعي  رؤية طبية  

المؤلف:د ست البنات خالد

الصفحات:22 صفحة

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جميع الحقوق  محفوظة الإ للنشر الدعوي مع الإشارة للمصدر  موقع منظمة أم عطية 2003  اتصل بنا

المشرف العام على الموقع  د . ست البنات خالد  السودان - الخرطوم